Stages of Periodontal Disease
Gingivits is the first stage of Periodontal disease. Plaque, (a sticky substance filled with bacteria) settles along the gum line of the teeth and causes the gums to swell, become red in appearance and bleed.
If the plaque is not removed, bacteria settles around the roots of the teeth and starts to destroy the supporting bone. The bone loss is not reversible. The gums become infected and pull away from the teeth, forming pockets.
As the pockets become deeper and the infection progresses, more bacteria accumulates and further bone loss occurs. The gums shrink away and the teeth start to become loose and may shift. Many people suffer from bad breath at this stage.
When periodontal disease has reached its advanced stage, painful abscesses can form in the gum. There is very little bone support left and the teeth are loose. In most cases, teeth that have reached this stage require extraction.
Bacteria lives in our mouths and if not removed daily through proper brushing and flossing, can cause decay, gum disease and bone disease. Bacteria can also cause bad breath. Healthy gums are firm and pink in appearance, and do not bleed when brushing or flossing. The bone and ligaments around the roots of the teeth are strong, and the teeth are free from decay. Proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits can keep your mouth healthy, and give you a beautiful smile.
Plaque is a sticky substance that accumulates on the teeth, especially around the gum line. Plaque contains bacteria which can not only cause dental decay, but is harmful to the gums and bone around the teeth. Gingivitis is the mildest form of Periodontal Disease and is generally caused by inadequate oral hygiene. The gums become inflamed, are red in appearance and bleed easily. The bone is not affected, and as such, gingivitis can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and regular dental visits. If untreated however, gingivitis can lead to more advanced stages of periodontal disease and bone loss.